Tag: 上海水磨论坛

first_imgA new study has calculated that one-sixth of the carbon footprint of the average diet in the EU can be directly linked to deforestation in tropical countries.Although many developed countries have achieved stable forest cover, researchers found that one-third of net forest gains in these “post-forest transition” countries were offset by imports of commodities causing deforestation elsewhere.In the face of growing criticism, the EU is preparing to launch a new initiative to tackle imported commodities directly linked to deforestation. One-sixth of the carbon footprint of the average diet in the European Union can be directly linked to deforestation in tropical countries, according to a new study from researchers at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.The study, due to be published in the May 2019 edition of the journal Global Environmental Change, traces carbon emissions from tropical deforestation through global supply chains to consumer countries.“In effect, you could say that the EU imports large amounts of deforestation every year,” Martin Persson, one of the study’s researchers, said in a press release on the university’s website. “If the EU really wants to achieve its climate goals, it must set harder environmental demands on those who export food to the EU.”The researchers estimated that 2.6 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide were emitted annually between 2010 and 2014 due to deforestation associated with expanding croplands, pastures and forestry plantations in the tropics (including peatland drained for agricultural production). More than half of those emissions can be accounted for by cattle ranching and oilseed cultivation.The study also found that 29 to 39 percent of deforestation-related emissions were driven by international trade (substantially higher than the fossil fuel component of trade emissions); that a sixth of the carbon footprint of an average EU diet is due to deforestation emissions; and that imported deforestation emissions rival domestic agricultural emissions in several EU countries.The relationship between high consumer demand in Europe, a major importer, and tropical deforestation is coming under increasing scrutiny. France recently stated its commitment to stopping “deforestation imports” by 2030, while, separately, investors warned soy giants of a backlash over their deforestation practices.Despite this, Persson is not convinced that enough is being done. He cited Global Canopy’s recent Forest 500 report, which, he said, showed there are few signs that major companies will be able to live up to their zero-deforestation pledges, as implementation has fallen short of expectations. “I think much the same can be said about government action in importing countries,” Persson told Mongabay. “There are [as] yet no clear signs that they intend to take firm action … moving beyond voluntary to regulatory actions, as has been done when it comes to timber imports.” Support could also be provided, he suggested, to help smallholder farmers practise sustainable intensification.”The EU’s initiative on Stepping up EU Action against Deforestation and Forest Degradation — which recognizes that the bloc, “as a major importer of agricultural and forest commodities, is part of the problem but can also be part of the solution” — is due to be adopted and published in the second quarter of 2019, according to Anne Delvaux of the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Environment.Asked whether the plan will include any legal requirements for stakeholders, Delvaux said: “We cannot say at this stage”.Displacing deforestationA river in the Peruvian Amazon. Annually, the Amazon usually absorbs around half a billion tons of carbon — more than Russia’s annual carbon emissions, and equivalent to about a third of those from the US. But the magnitude of this carbon sink has been declining in recent years, and during an extreme drought in 2010 it stopped altogether. Photo by Rhett A. Butler / MongabayThe new study was based on information from a paper published in March, also produced by researchers from the Department of Space, Earth and Environment at Chalmers University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues from the Stockholm Environment Institute and Germany’s Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre.The original study draws on existing data to quantify the deforestation caused by agricultural and forestry production in the tropics and subtropics, and then uses international trade models to map where these exported commodities are apparently consumed.It found that crops, including palm oil, soybeans and tree nuts, accounted for 40 percent of deforestation attributed to exports (beef represented just 11 percent). Many of those crops come from Indonesia, Brazil and Argentina, which together are accountable for nearly half (44 percent) of deforestation embodied in crop production, of which they export between 49 and 76 percent.“We can see that more than half of deforestation is due to production of food and animal feed, such as beef, soy beans and palm oil,” said Florence Pendrill, another of the study’s researchers, in the university press release.Passing the buckDeforestation and forest degradation is the second largest source of greenhouse gas emissions from human activities. Photo by Rhett A. Butler.The study divides countries into pre-, early-, late- and post-forest transition, referring to the journey to expanding forest cover. It found that from 2005 to 2013, 87 percent of deforestation that could be attributed to international demand was exported to countries that “exhibit decreasing deforestation rates or increasing forest cover,” particularly in Europe and Asia (notably China, India and Russia).In fact, the study found that one-third of net forest gains in post-forest transition countries were offset by imports of commodities causing deforestation elsewhere. In the United Kingdom, for example, there was an annual increase of 170 square kilometers (66 square miles) of forests between 2010 and 2013 — but the country also imported 310 square kilometers (120 square miles) per year of embodied deforestation.While domestic consumption is undeniably a key driver of deforestation — the study notes that Brazil and Indonesia accounted for 44 percent of the deforestation attributed to expanding cropland, pastures and tree plantations — looking at the problem from a global perspective is vital.In the abstract to the study, its authors note that with international trade in forest-risk commodities on the rise, “it is becoming increasingly important to consider between-country trade linkages in assessing the drivers of — and possible connections between — forest loss and gain across countries.”One challenge they researchers faced in their research was the lack of pan-tropical data on which crops that are displacing forests. “We had to take a more indirect approach, linking forest loss to increases in cropland, pasture and forest plantation areas from national statistics,” Persson told Mongabay. Figuring out which commodities were expanding was not always straightforward though, as sometimes one commodity expanded into another, pushing that commodity into the forest. In order to minimize this problem, they carried out the analysis at a sub-national level for Brazil and Indonesia – the two countries accounting for the bulk of tropical forest loss.However, there have been rapid advances in the last few years in terms of mapping forest loss and its drivers using remotely sensed data. So, looking forward, the researchers hope to re-explore the supply chains linking consumers to tropical forest destruction in greater detail – and also to expand the analysis to look at a broader set of impacts, such a biodiversity loss. “We hope that this work can help inform different actors – both public and private – in their efforts to reduce their impacts on deforestation,” said Persson.Banner image: Tropical rainforest in Borneo. Photo by Rhett A. ButlerAbout the reporter: Carinya Sharples is a lecturer, editor and freelance journalist based in Georgetown, Guyana. You can find her on Twitter at @carinyasharples.FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the editor of this article. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page. Article published by Genevieve Belmaker Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsoredcenter_img Amazon Soy, Deforestation, Drivers Of Deforestation, Forests, Governance, Government, Rainforests, Soy, Supply Chain, Tropical Forests, Zero Deforestation Commitments last_img read more

first_imgAsk any loss prevention team what the most important aspect of interfacing with senior management is, and you’re likely to hear the terms “partnerships” and “cross-functional.”These elements are not specific to the loss prevention industry. You would probably hear a similar response from an executive in any other department.Working cross-functionally is a critical component to a successful loss prevention program. Loss prevention departments often add value to the organization by assisting other business units with their unique investigative and technological tools. Additionally, there may be times in which those business units return the favor.- Sponsor – Organizations call upon the diverse skills of cross-functional teams to tackle complex issues in the organization.For all the value that cross-functional teams provide, it is worth understanding their flaws. This may be best explained by the social psychology concept “process loss” related to group decisions.Process loss is a general term that describes inefficient problem-solving in groups.Psychologists found that groups tend to focus on the information that they have in common, rather than their specialized knowledge.For example, a group containing IT and loss prevention may focus on areas of knowledge overlap rather than deploying their specialized knowledge, which is the entire point of a cross-functional team.Researchers demonstrated this concept by giving two groups information related to a political candidate, in which positive information was double that of negative information in both groups.However, one group received individual items, in which the negative information overlapped among group members. This group chose to discuss the information they had in common with each other (negative), which resulted in a much greater negative opinion of the candidate compared to the other group.In the 1950s, researchers demonstrated individual participants’ desire to conform to a group majority in a series of psychology studies referred to as the Asch conformity experiments. In these tests, researchers demonstrated that group members changed their opinions based on the overall attitude of the group. Said another way, the group members showed that they did not want to “rock the boat.”Unfortunately, sometimes the boat needs to be rocked if the data suggests that it should. Some participants may feel pressure to compromise even when they should not. Conformity in these situations is detrimental to the success of the organization.In another example of process loss, groups have the ability to ignore the expert on a subject and democratize decisions. If the majority feels one way, they may reach a decision regarding a subject about which they have no expertise.Imagine a cross-functional group overriding the organization’s legal team regarding a legal matter. In these instances, it may be best to allow the subject matter expert to make the call. In the loss prevention industry, we may see this happen regarding allocating physical security resources. If best practices are ignored, there could be some creative reasoning regarding where resources go. This decision could ultimately result in liability for the company.It doesn’t make sense to label cross-functional teams as bad. They’re not. Moreover, cross-functional teams are vital to the professional growth and skill sharing of an organization. However, it’s important to understand when a cross-functional loss prevention team may be going off the rails.Recognizing knowledge overlap and conformity can give group members the ability to step back and refocus. Unfortunately, claiming to be the expert isn’t the most effective way to convince a group. In this case, partnerships and influence are key. If you’re an influential loss prevention director or other business partner, everyone probably already knows you’re the expert.This article was originally published in 2014 and was updated September 17, 2018.  Stay UpdatedGet critical information for loss prevention professionals, security and retail management delivered right to your inbox.  Sign up nowlast_img read more

first_imgHonda manufactures 100th million-unitHonda began automobileproduction in 1963 with the production of the T360 mini-truck, Honda’sfirst mass-production model, at Saitama Factory. In the same year, Honda began production of the S500 small-sized sports car at HamamatsuFactory in Shizuoka Prefecture.Volkswagen will unveil another ID concept vehicle at the NAIASAt the North American International Auto Show (NAIAS, 8 to 22 January) in Detroit, Volkswagen will present a new I.D. family model – a multi-functional vehicle for a new era. The concept vehicle forges links between the legendary origins of the Volkswagen brand and its electrifying future. Like the I.D., this concept is also based on the Modular Electric Drive Kit (MEB), and so it shows the potential and bandwidth of the MEB.Want to buy a car? Provide parking space proof firstIn a bid to decongest the roads, the government may allow registration of vehicles only after production of parking space availability certificate to the authorities.India spec Volkswagen Tiguan spotted without any camouflageVolkswagen’s Tiguan was unveiled at the Frankfurt Motor Show held in September, 2015. Volkswagen plans to launch the car in India next year, but before that, the India spec car has been clicked without any kind of camouflage, while it was being driven on public roads in India.last_img read more

first_imgPosted on September 17, 2010June 20, 2017By: Pam Barnes, President, EngenderHealthClick to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)The MHTF is soliciting reactions from the maternal health community to the newly released UN MMR data. Our hope is that, together, these comments will serve as a springboard for discussion and provide momentum towards MDG5.Trends in Maternal Mortality, 1990 to 2008, just released by the World Health Organization, the United Nations Children’s Fund, UNFPA, and The World Bank, reports that the number of women dying globally due to complications during pregnancy and childbirth has decreased by 34%, from 546,000 in 1990 to 358,000 in 2008. This is one more piece of evidence that investments to improve maternal health are indeed paying off. It also corroborates research published in Lancet earlier this year that showed a similar, modest decline in the number of women dying from pregnancy complications.While we know that fewer women are dying, there is clearly much more work to be done. In this latest United Nations report, only 10 out of 87 countries with maternal mortality ratios equal to or over 100 in 1990 are on track to achieving Millennium Development Goal No. 5 (MDG 5) by 2015. Also, 30 countries made insufficient or no progress since 1990. (See the full report and press release for more information.)Furthermore, for every life lost due to pregnancy or childbirth complications, about 20 women suffer from maternal morbidity, including obstetric fistula. And if we are going to continue this positive downward trend, we must improve the health of mothers in places with high levels of HIV, specifically Sub-Saharan Africa, and refocus attention to address women’s holistic needs, providing high-quality family planning, obstetric, and HIV services under one roof.As we were reminded at the recent Global Maternal Health Conference 2010, which brought together nearly 700 maternal health experts, solutions exist, and we know what they are. To reduce maternal mortality and morbidity, women must have better access to:Family planning, with other related sexual and reproductive health servicesSkilled care during pregnancyEmergency obstetric careImmediate postpartum careNext week, the world’s leaders will descend on New York City for high-level events, including the UN Summit on the Millennium Development Goals and the Clinton Global Initiative Annual Meeting. The good news is momentum behind MDG 5 has never been higher. This is welcome news for all of us who care deeply about improving sexual and reproductive health in the world’s poorest communities. The key now is to harness this energy to ensure that our governments deliver on their commitments to ensure universal access to reproductive health and to reduce maternal mortality by 75%.Read EngenderHealth’s blog here to get the latest updates.Share this: ShareEmailPrint To learn more, read:last_img read more

first_imgTarik Black lists his top ten colleges on Twitter.tarik black top ten twitterFour-star wide receiver recruit Tarik Black, a 6-foot-3, 185-pound product of Chesire, Connecticut, has offers from dozens of college football programs ahead of the 2017 season. Sunday night, he narrowed his list down to 10. Black’s list includes one SEC school (Alabama), two Pac-12 schools (UCLA, Arizona State), three ACC schools (Duke, Miami, Virginia Tech) and four Big Ten schools (Maryland, Michigan, Michigan State, Rutgers).Thankful for every Opportunity #Top10 pic.twitter.com/K5UfbYt29X— TJ Black (@LetmeRockk_) December 7, 2015You can check out Black’s highlight reel here.last_img read more

first_imgMinister of Education, Youth and Information, Senator the Hon. Ruel Reid, says the Government’s unwavering commitment to education is reflected in the nearly $38 billion it is spending to enhance the secondary school system.The sum, he said, includes far more than the $19,000 provided per student to cover operational costs.He said the allocation includes provisions for salaries, grants, technical and vocational education and training (TVET) and information and communications technology (ICT), science, infrastructure, furniture and nutrition.“That means we are spending between $176,994 and $190,000 per capita at the secondary level,” he pointed out.The Minister was addressing educators at the Newell High School in St. Elizabeth on September 6. He said that there have been some additional areas of support for the new school year, which includes providing teachers for “those schools that require special support based on the nature of the students and special programmes being offered”.“We have 21 temporary deans of discipline to be provided to schools,” he noted. “There will also be over 1,000 young people to be engaged as lab technicians, safety and security support officers, and also clerical officers. Environmental wardens will also be placed in selected schools,” he added.Senator Reid said there will also be upgrading of canteens and provision of equipment at a cost of more than $200 million, and payment of 913 cooks across the system at a cost of $274.8 million.“We also have additional classrooms and infrastructure upgrade for selected schools,” the Minister noted.As it relates to tertiary education, Senator Reid informed that 99 per cent of students who applied for loans through the Students’ Loan Bureau (SLB) for 2017/18 were successful.“The Administration continues to ensure that increased funding is pumped into the SLB. Of course, those who borrow will have to repay on time to ensure the continued success of this revolving loan fund,” he pointed out.He is also reminding persons to take full advantage of opportunities to access financing for tertiary education through the Jamaica Values and Attitudes (JAMVAT) programme and other initiatives.He said the Government is committed to increasing tertiary access in keeping with the Education Sector Plan, which is a part of the Vision 2030: National Development Plan.“This plan envisions an education and training system for Jamaica that produces well-rounded and qualified people who are able to function as creative and productive individuals in all spheres of the society, and be competitive in a global context,” he pointed out.last_img read more

first_imgFORT ST. JOHN, B.C. – Residents of Fort St John are being asked to share their thoughts and opinions about the quality of life in the community by taking the Community Development Institute’s ‘Your Voice Fort St John’ community survey from now until October 12th.The City of Fort St John and UNBC’s Community Development Institute office in Fort St John, which is called The Forge, have a partnership to develop and implement strategies for economic diversification, community resiliency, and social capacity. As part of this work, a community indicators program, including this community survey, has been developed.“‘Your Voice Fort St John’ gives our citizens a powerful voice in enriching the quality of life in our community. The results of the survey will help celebrate our strengths while identifying and addressing challenges. Please make sure Your Voice is heard,” said Mayor Lori Ackerman. The survey takes about 10-15 minutes to complete and asks respondents to rate a number of community issues, including healthcare, education, accessibility, diversity, and mobility.“The work of The Forge contributes to building a foundation for change and innovation through engagement and deliberate long-term planning,” said The Forge’s senior facilitator Jennifer Moore. “This community survey, just one component of the overall work plan, is vital to building a stronger community for all citizens.”To take the survey, click this link: https://ca.research.net/r/YourVoiceFSJlast_img read more

first_imgNew Delhi: A 4-year-old boy was crushed to death by a speeding vehicle in South Delhi’s Men Sarai. The deceased has been identified as Ajam Ansari, a resident of Sangam Vihar. The offending vehicle has been seized and the driver of the car arrested.The incident was reported on March 29 at 3:07 pm from Neb Sarai police station. The caller told police regarding the accident and a boy seriously injured in front of Kausar Masjid, Sangam Vihar, Delhi. Also Read – After eight years, businessman arrested for kidnap & murderWhen the police team reached the spot one boy whose name and address was found to be Ajam Ansari (4), from Sangam Vihar, Delhi, was found lying on the road with severe head injury. He was shifted to AIIMS hospital where doctor declared the injured brought dead. The body has been preserved in AIIMS mortuary for postmortem. “The offending vehicle Maruti Ecco-White Colour has been seized and offending driver Sushant Kumar Majumdar, a resident of Sabda, Nangloi, Delhi has been arrested. Accordingly a case under sections 279/304A IPC has been registered and investigation of the case is in progress,” said a senior police officer.last_img read more

Back to top